Centre for Events, Leisure, Society and Culture

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The Centre for Events, Leisure, Society and Culture (CELSC) spotlights the national and international intellectual profile and reputation of the critical study of events and leisure at Bournemouth University by providing a strategic and effective platform for researchers, and research collaborations and partnerships.

Events and leisure are embedded in the social, cultural, and economic fabric of most societies; they are often barometers of important societal metrics such as national ‘happiness’, wellbeing, prosperity, economic stability and growth. Components of events and leisure also play a vital role in broader political issues such as processes of democracy, environmental sustainability, migration and civil society.

CELSC at BU is a dynamic domain for the substantive research-related activities of a team of enthusiastic staff within, and associated with, the Department of Events and Leisure. Staff are managing editors and editorial board members for key academic journals in the field: Leisure Studies; Event Management; International Journal of Event and Festival; International Journal of Event Management Research; Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education; Journal of Transport Geography; Journal of Sustainable Tourism and e-Review of Tourism Research.

The centre offers an active hub for the on-going growth and development of high quality research praxis, which underpins a breadth and depth of critical analyses of events and leisure.

CELSC fosters a research culture of continual knowledge exchange by attending to emerging research priorities. Through discernible research themes, events and leisure academics provide leadership and expertise that impact activities with local, regional, national and international partners.

CELSC research themes

Digital and mobile events and leisure cultures

This theme speaks to societal agendas related to: the digital economy and the transformational impact of digital technologies on community life, cultural experiences, future society and the economy.

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It includes work that covers, but is not limited to, the following: digital healthy/unhealthy communities; young people and social media; e tourism; new media; travel apps; virtual communities; connecting to live events and festivals; mediated everyday events and leisure experiences; the ‘lost’ mundane/slow; emotions and affect; digital transformation and future society and culture.

Creative industries, communities, social transformation and sustainability

The creative industries have a transformational impact on community life, changing cultural experiences, future society and the economy.

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The theme embraces work that covers: sharing economy; building community resilience; participatory approaches, audience engagement, user experience and co-design; active consumers; human capital and resistance; social and cultural innovation; value exchange; ageing leisure experiences and wellbeing; spirituality, lifestyle, identity and diversity; spatiality, rurality, and the natural world.

Reflexive management and critical evaluation of events and leisure

This theme reflects the purposeful nature of events and leisure from which governmental agencies seek to derive many benefits whilst managing negative externalities.

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The theme embraces work that covers: sustainable mobility; climate change mitigation and adaptation; frameworks and strategies for managing impacts of events; event design, legacy and exchange; project management and evaluation; education, innovation and entrepreneurship; and reflexive methodologies.

Fusion and co-creation

The Fusion of research, pedagogy and professional practice lie at the heart of BU, and CELSC aligns closely with undergraduate and postgraduate degree pathways. These pathways have shown strong recruitment reflecting a professionalisation of the industries surrounding events and leisure. With this as the context, co-creation is a significant feature of our existing work and we provide opportunities for collaborative projects to investigate real world problems and inform contemporary industry strategy.

Indicative academic-student co-creation outputs (2014 – 2017):

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Schliephack, J. and Dickinson, J.E. (2017). Tourists’ representations of coastal managed realignment as a climate change adaptation strategy. Tourism Management, 59, 182-192. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2016.08.004.

Moital, M., & Bennett, R. (2016). Management style preference and its impact on employee job satisfaction in independent hotels: An exploratory study. In K. Rontos, J. Filipe, & P. Tsartas (Eds.), Modelling and New Trends in Tourism: A Contribution to Social and Economic Development. Nova Science Publishers.

Campos, A. M, Fanjul, M. L., and Moital, M., (2016) Segmenting the business traveler based on emotions, satisfaction and behavioral intention, Psychology & Marketing, 33(2): 82-93

Lewis, A and Moital, M., (2016). Young Professionals’ Conspicuous Consumption of Clothing. Journal of Fashion Marketing & Management (forthcoming)

Scully, K. and Moital, M., (2016). Peer influence strategies in collectively consumed products: events and festivals. Young Consumers (forthcoming)

Ferdinand, N. and Tucker, J., (2015). Conference Report Digital Engagement Conference: A Roadmap for the Future of Festivals, July 9-11 2014, Bournemouth University, Talbot Campus, Poole, Dorset, United Kingdom. Journal of Tourism Futures, 1(2):162 – 166.

Luxford, A. & Dickinson, J.E. (2015). The role of mobile applications in the consumer experience at music festivals. Event Management, 19(1): 33-46.

Martins, C., Salazar, A., & Inversini, A. (2015). The Internet Impact on Travel Purchases: Insights from Portugal. Tourism Analysis, 20(2), 251-258.

Martins, C., Lun, L.M., Inversini, A., Mitrofanenko, T., and Malkova, T. (2014) Improving Rural Tourism Training – an approach based on understanding local communities’ needs. Presented at the Third Forum Carpaticum, October 2014, Lviv, Ukraine.

Sadd, D & Chapman L (2014). “Events as strategic marketing tools in shopping centres”. Event Management, 18(3): 357-67.



Indicative academic outputs 2014-2017:

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Brown, G., Lee, I.S., King, K. and Shipway, R., (2015) Eventscapes and the creation of event legacies. Annals of Leisure Research, 18 (4): 510-527

Caudwell, J. (2016) Football and Misogyny, in J. Hughson, K. Moore, R. Spaaij, J. Maguire (Eds) Routledge Handbook of Football Studies. London: Routledge, pp. 304-313

Caudwell, J., (2015) ‘Feeling blue’: the ordinary pleasures of mundane motion. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 7 (3): 309-320

Choe, J. and Hitchcock, M.H., (2017). Pilgrimage to the Bromo Mountain in Indonesia. In: Olsen, D.O. and Trono, A.T., eds. Religious Pilgrimage Routes and Trails. CABI Publishing.

Choe, J., Blazey, M. and Mitas, O., (2015) Motivations of non-Buddhists visiting Buddhist temples. Current Issues in Tourism, 18: 70-82.

Choe, J., Chick, G. and O’Regan, M., (2015) Meditation as a kind of leisure: the similarities and differences in the United States. Leisure Studies, 34 (4): 420-437.

Cohen, S, Prayag, G. and Moital, M., (2014). Consumer behaviour in tourism: Key concepts, influences and opportunities. Current Issues in Tourism, 17(10): 872–909

Dickinson, J.E., Hibbert, F., Filimonau, V., Cherrett, T., Davies, N., Norgate, S., Speed, C., Winstanley, C. (2017). Implementing smartphone enabled collaborative travel: routes to success in the tourism domain. Journal of Transport Geography, doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.01.011.

Dickinson, J.E., Filimonau, V., Hibbert, J.F., Cherrett, T., Davies, N., Norgate, S., Speed, C. and Winstanley, C., (2017) Tourism communities and social ties: the role of online and offline tourist social networks in building social capital and sustainable practice. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25 (2), 163-180.

Dickinson, J.E., Filimonau, V., Hibbert, J.F. (2016). Tourism communities and social ties: building social capital through tourism. Tourism Management, DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2016.06.005.

Dickinson, J.E., Cherrett, T., Hibbert, J., Winstanley, C., Shingleton, D., Davies, N., Norgate, S., Speed, C. (2015) Fundamental challenges in designing a collaborative travel app. Transport Policy, 44, 28-36.

Ferdinand, N. and Kitchin, P., (2017) Events Management: An International Approach. London: Sage Publications Limited.

Ferdinand, N., Croft, R. and Williams, N., (2014) Social Network Analysis: Applications in Project Management Research. In: Paisan, B., ed. Designs, Methods & Practices for Research in Project Management. Gower Publishing Limited.

Fox, D. and Xu, F., (2016) Evolutionary and socio-cultural influences on feelings and attitudes towards nature: a cross-cultural study. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 1-13

Fox, D., Gouthro, M., Morakabati, Y. and Brackstone, J. (2014) Doing Events Research: From Theory to Practice. Abingdon: Routledge

Jackson, C., (2014). The Festival and Event Experience. International Journal of Event and Festival Managment, 15(3): 196-197.

King, K. & Church A. (2017) Lifestyle sports delivery and sustainability: clubs, communities and user-managers. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics. 9. doi; 10.1080/19406940.2017.1289236

King, K. and Church, A., (2014) Questioning policy, youth participation and lifestyle sports. Leisure Studies.

Lee, S. Brown, G., King, K., Shipway, R. (2016) Social identity in serious sport event space. Event Management. 20(4)

Lund, N.F., Cohen, S.A., and Scarles, C. 2017. The power of social media storytelling in destination branding. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2017.05.003

O’ Regan, M., Choe, J. and Yap, M.H., (2017) Attendee Motivations at an International Wine Festival in China. Event Management: an International Journal, 21(3).

O’Regan, M. (2016) A backpacker habitus: the body and dress, embodiment and the self, Annals of Leisure Research, 19(3): 329-346

O’ Regan, M. and Chang, H., (2015) Smartphone Adoption amongst Chinese Youth during Leisure-based Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of China Tourism Research, 11(3): 238-254.

O’Regan, M., (2015) Methodological bricolage: A journey on the road less traveled in tourism studies. Tourism Analysis, 20(5): 457-467.

Pringle, R., Rinehart, R.E. and Caudwell, J. (2015) Sport and the Social Significance of Pleasure. New York: Routledge

Rihova, I., Buhalis, D., Moital, M., Gouthro, M-B. (2015) Conceptualising customer-to-customer value co-creation in tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research, 17(4): 356-363.

Rinehart, R.E. and Caudwell, J. (2017). Sport-War Cartoon Art. Media, War and Conflict, doi.org/10.1177/1750635217696435

Robertson, M. (2016) Trends and Future of Events in D. Getz & S. Page (Eds) Event Studies: Theory, Research and Policy for Planned Events. Oxon: Routledge pp. 41-43.

Robertson, M., Yeoman, I., Smith, K.A. and McMahon-Beattie, U., (2015) Technology, society, and visioning the future of music festivals. Event Management: An International Journal, 19(4)

Robertson, M. and Yeoman, I., (2014) Signals and Signposts of the future: Literary Festival Consumption in 2050. Tourism Recreation Research, 39(3): 321-342.

Robertson, M., Darby, P. and Newland, B., (2014) An exploration of a niche sport event’s role in visitors’ perception of a rural destination: the case of the UCI Mountain Bike World cup. International Journal of Sport Management, 15(2): 193-218

Robertson, M., Junek, O. and Lockstone-Binney, L., (2014). Professionalization and event management. Event Management, 18 (1), 1-3.

Sadd, D. Fyall A, Wardrop K. (2017). Evaluative Event Frameworks – A Learning Destination Perspective. International Journal of Tourism Research,  DOI:10.1002/jtr.2116

Sadd, D., (2014) The Future is Virtual. In: Yeoman, I., Robertson, M., McMahon-Beattie, U., Backer, E. and Smith, K., eds. The Future of Events & Festivals. Routledge, 209-218.

Sadd, D., (2014) Protesting the Games. In: Girginov, V., ed. Handbook of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games: Volume Two: Celebrating the Games. Routledge, 227-238.

Silk M, Caudwell J, Gibson H. (2017) Views on Leisure Studies: Directions, Sensibilities, Trajectories? Leisure Studies 36(2):153-162

Williams, N., Inversini, A., Ferninand, N., and Buhalisd, D., (2017) Destination eWOM: A macro and meso network approach? Annals of Tourism Research 64: 87–101

Williams, N., Ferdinand, N. and Paisan, B., (2015). The Structure of online Stakeholder Interactions in the Early Stage of a Mega Project. Project Management Journal.

Williams, N.L., Inversini, A., Buhalis, D. and Ferdinand, N., (2015). Community crosstalk: an exploratory analysis of destination and festival eWOM on Twitter. Journal of Marketing Management, 31(9): 1113-1140.

Williams, N., Ferdinand, N. and Croft, R., (2014). Project management maturity in the age of big data. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 7(2): 311-317.

Xu, F. and Fox, D., (2014) Modelling attitudes to nature, tourism and sustainable development in national parks: A survey of visitors in China and the UK. Tourism Management, 45: 142-158.

Yankholmes, A. and Timothy, D.J., 2017. Social distance between local residents and African-American expatriates in the context of Ghana’s slavery-based heritage tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research. DOI:10.1002/jtr.2121, 1-10

Yankholmes, A., 2016. A look at the consumption behaviours along Ghana’s slave routes. Tourism Recreation Research, 41 (3), 272-282.

Yankholmes, A. and McKercher, B., 2015. Understanding visitors to slavery heritage sites in Ghana. Tourism Management, 51, 22-32.

Yankholmes, A. and McKercher, B., 2015. Rethinking slavery heritage tourism. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 10 (3), 233-247.


Recent conference papers:

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Sadd, D (2016) Framework for the Assessment of Major Events – a teaching project. Tourism, Educators of South Africa 1st International Tourism Conference in South Africa, Cape Town.  September 21st – 23rd.

Smith, A. (2016) Defining sustainable transport in rural tourism: experiences from the New Forest National Park. Paper presented at Desirable Transport Futures, Third international workshop in the Black Forest of Freiburg, Germany. 28th June – 1st of July.

Caudwell, J. (2016) The Pride Movement: Configuring Human Rights at EuroPride 2015. Paper presented at Global Societies: Fragmenting and Connecting, British Sociological Association Annual Conference. April 6-8th, Aston University

Caudwell, J. (2016) Sexual Exploitation, Sex Work and Sports Events. Paper presented at Sport and Social Justice, Political Studies Association Sport and Politics Conference. March 4-5th, Bournemouth University

Choe. J., & O’ Regan, M. (2016) Chinese Gamblers as Performing Playful Pilgrims in Macau. Travel & Tourism Research Association (TTRA) – European Chapter, Shannon Ireland, 20 – 22 April.

Choe. J., O’ Regan, M. (2015) Tourism development and cross-cultural understanding of quality of life among local residents and foreign workers in Macao, China. Consumer Behavior in Tourism Symposium (CBTS), Munich, Germany, 02 – 04 Dec.

Jackson, C., (2015). The lived experience of the popular music festival-goer. In: Couto, U. and Whitfield, J., eds. Making Waves in Macau III International Conference on Events, Macau, China 6-9 September 2015. Macau: Institute for Tourism Studies. Available from: http://ice2015.weebly.com.

Moital, M. and Bain, A. (2015), Behavioural reactions to the consumption of prestige in events. 3rd World Research Summit for Tourism and Hospitality, UCF Rosen College of Hospitality Management, Orlando, Florida, USA (15-19 Dec 2015).







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